How to care for your feet:

Most of us are born with healthy feet, however, some of them eventually suffer some form of a foot disorder by adulthood.
Children may start to show foot defects or damage as early as age two. Most foot problems are caused by improper foot care. Here are a few of the more common
problems and suggestions for treatment.
Athlete’s Foot – a fungus infection of the skin.
It may begin with tiny blisters which burst
and dry up, causing the skin to flake, crack,
itch and burn.
Treatment: Try to keep your feet clean and
dry. Wear cotton socks to help absorb
moisture
and discourage fungal growth. Use an anti fungus powder or solution. If sores don’t
heal
after one week, see your doctor.
Bunions – Swollen and tender areas caused
by misaligned joints. Usually the big toe is
affected and develops an overgrowth of
bone.
Treatment: Special cushions worn in the
shoe can alleviate some of the pressure
caused by
bunions. Cortisone injections may help
alleviate swelling.
Corn and calluses – Hard, thickened skin
which usually causes a painful and burning
sensation. Corns form on the top of toes
above a centre joint or on the soles of your
feet.
Calluses form on the heel or ball of your
foot.
Treatment: Wear properly fitted shoes to
reduce the friction and pressure on the feet
which causes corns and calluses.
Occasionally, surgical removal is necessary.
Foot Cramps – Sudden, very painful cramps
in the arch of the foot caused by strained
muscles.
Treatment: Stretch the arch muscle and
massage it until the cramp ends.
Foot Strain – Dull, pulsating ache in the arch
due to fatigue or stress on the foot.
Treatment: Rest your feet, soak them in
warm water and massage them. If the pain
persists, seek medical attention
Ingrown Toenail – Corners of the toenail cut
into your skin and cause pain – especially
when
pressure is applied to the toe.
Treatment: Soak your toe in warm water and
get early medical treatment to prevent
infection. Your doctor may correct the
problem surgically.
Onychomycosis (Toenail Fungus) – A fungus
infection which grows under the toenail,
causing thickening of the toenail.
Treatment: See your doctor. Several types of
anti-fungal medications are available.
Some foot problems are signs of more
serious trouble. Seek medical attention if
your feet
suffer from chronic infection, foot or leg
cramps, coldness or discoloration.
Follow the below
steps to get the best results from your Foot
File:
• Start by completely drying the foot with a
towel. Then hold the foot from the ankle and
start from the heels.
• Rub the foot file a little harder in a back
and forth motion.
• Move to the centre of the foot and rub the
foot file in circular motions here. Then move
back to the sides of the heels and rub them
in a back and forth motion.
• Now move to the toes and rub the outer
side of thumb and pinky finger a little harder
in back and forth motions. Rub the fingers in
small circular motions.
• Finally, rub the whole foot and clean the
excess dry skin with a towel.
With proper and regular use of pedicure
heel foot files, you can improve the health of
your
feet.
Proper foot care also includes foot
maintenance. Here are a few things you can
do to keep
your feet healthy and prevent problems.
• Keep your feet clean and dry — wash your
feet, change your socks and air out your
shoes to prevent fungus infections.
• Moisturise your feet after washing. During
dry-skin winter months, you may want to
moisturise several times a day. Nothing
fancy is needed: basic lotions and creams
are fine.
• Rest and relax your feet every day. Lie back
and elevate your feet for a few minutes.
Give your feet a soothing massage with your
fingers or roll your feet over a golf ball,
tennis
ball or a rolling pin for a similar effect.
• Exercise your feet to maintain blood
circulation. Walking is best. Try taking a brisk
30-
minute walks five to seven times a week.
• Check your feet regularly. Look for sores,
cracked skin and redness. Don’t forget to
inspect the areas between your toes.
• Our feet should not hurt—ever. Tight
shoes can worsen bunions, distort toe
shape and
cause painful foot growths. If you wear
high heels, choose heels that are wide,
stable and
no higher than two inches. Toe boxes
should be wide; pointed toes shouldn’t
begin their
narrowing shape until well past the ball of
the foot. To protect your Achilles tendon
from
shortening, alternate heel heights
regularly.
• Pregnancy, ageing and diabetes all affect
your feet. Pregnant women need shoes
with
broad heels, arch support and good
shock absorbency. Added pregnancy
weight may cause
your shoe size to change, so get your feet
measured. Older women lose some of
the
cushioning fat on the balls of their feet;
choose shoes that provide more shock
protection.
Diabetics can develop serious conditions
related to the feet and lower legs. Check feet
for
any problems daily and see a paediatric
physician at least annually.
• If you notice problems with your feet, get it
treated right away so it does not get worse.

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